Shylock Is My Name

A Retelling of The Merchant of Venice
8 Books Donated 30 min

It is one of those better-to-be-dead-than-alive days you get in the North of England in February, the space between the land and sky a mere letterbox of squeezed light, the sky itself unfathomably banal. A stage unsuited to tragedy, even here where the dead lie quietly. There are two men in the cemetery, occupied in duties of the heart. They don’t look up. In these parts you must wage war against the weather if you don’t want farce to claim you.


Signs of just such a struggle are etched on the face of the first of the mourners, a man of middle-age and uncertain bearing, who sometimes walks with his head held arrogantly high, and at others stoops as though hoping not to be seen. His mouth, too, is twitchy and misleading, his lips one moment twisted into a sneer, the next fallen softly open, as vulnerable to bruising as summer fruit. He is Simon Strulovitch – a rich, furious, but easily hurt philanthropist with on-again off-again enthusiasms, a distinguished collection of twentieth-century Anglo-Jewish art and old Bibles, a passion for Shakespeare (whose genius and swashbuckling Sephardi looks he once thought could only be explained by the playwright’s ancestors having changed their name from Shapiro, but now he isn’t sure), honorary doctorates from universities in London, Manchester and Tel Aviv (the one from Tel Aviv is something else he isn’t sure about) and a daughter going off the rails. He is here to inspect the stone that has recently been erected at the head of his mother’s grave, now that the 12 months of mourning for her has elapsed. He hasn’t mourned her conscientiously during that period – too busy buying and lending art, too busy with his foundations and endowments, or ‘benefacting,’ as his mother called it with mixture of pride and concern (she didn’t want him killing himself giving money away), too busy settling scores in his head, too busy with his daughter – but he intends to make amends. There is always time to be a better son.


Or a better father. Could it be that it’s his daughter he’s really getting ready to mourn? These things run in families. His father had briefly mourned him. ‘You are dead to me!’ And why? Because of his bride’s religion. Yet his father wasn’t in the slightest bit religious.
‘Better you were dead at my feet…


Would that really have been better?


We can’t get enough of dying, he thinks, shuffling between the unheralded headstones. ‘We’ – an idea of belonging to which he sometimes subscribes and sometimes doesn’t. We arrive, lucky to be alive, carrying our belongings on a stick, and immediately look for somewhere to bury the children who betray us.


Perhaps because of all the anger that precedes all the burying, the place lacks the consolation of beauty. In his student days, when there was no word ‘we’ in his vocabulary, Strulovitch wrote a paper on Stanley Spencer’s ‘The Resurrection, Cookham’, admiring the tumult of Spencer’s graves, bulging with eager life, the dead in a hurry for what comes next. But this isn’t a country churchyard in Berkshire; this is a cemetery of the Messiahless in Gatley, South Manchester, where there is no next. It all finishes here.


There is a lingering of snow on the ground, turning a dirty black where it nestles into the granite of the graves. It will be there until early summer, if summer ever comes.
The second person, here long before Strulovitch arrived, tenderly addressing the occupant of a grave whose headstone is worn to nothing, is Shylock, also an infuriated and tempestuous Jew, though his fury tends more to the sardonic than the mercurial, and the tempest subsides when he is able to enjoy the company of his wife Leah, buried deep beneath the snow. He is less divided in himself than Strulovitch but, perhaps for that very reason, more divisive. No two people feel the same about him. Even those who unreservedly despise him, despise him with different degrees of unreservation. He has money worries that Strulovitch doesn’t, collects neither art nor Bibles, and finds it difficult to be charitable where people are not charitable to him, which some would say takes something from the soul of charity. About his daughter, the least said the better.


He is not an occasional mourner like Strulovitch. He cannot leave and think of something else. Because he is not a forgetful or a forgiving man, there never was or will be something else.
Strulovitch, pausing in his reflections, feels Shylock’s presence before he sees him – a blow to the back of the neck, as though someone in the cemetery has been irreverent enough to throw a snowball.


The words ‘My dearest Leah,’ dropped like blessings into the icy grave, reach Strulovitch’s ears. There will be many Leahs here. Strulovitch’s mother was a Leah. But this Leah attracts an imperishable piteousness to her name that is unmistakable to Strulovitch, student of husbandly sorrow and fatherly wrath. Leah who bought Shylock a courtship ring. Leah, mother to Jessica who stole that ring to buy a monkey. Jessica the pattern of perfidy. Not for a wilderness of monkeys would Shylock have parted with that ring.
Strulovitch neither.


So ‘we’ does mean something to Strulovitch after all. The faith Jessica violates is his faith.


Such, anyway, are the only clues to recognition Strulovitch needs. He is matter of fact about it. Of course Shylock is here, among the dead. When hasn’t he been?


Eleven years old, precociously moustached, too clever by half, he was shopping with his mother in a department store when she saw Hitler buying aftershave.


‘Quick, Simon!’ she ordered him. ‘Run and get a policeman, I’ll stay here and make sure he doesn’t get away.’


But no policeman would believe that Hitler was in the store and eventually he escaped Strulovitch’s mother’s scrutiny.


Strulovitch hadn’t believed that Hitler was in the store either. Back home he made a joke of it to his father.


‘Don’t cheek your mother,’ his father told him. ‘If she said she saw Hitler, she saw Hitler. Your Aunty Annie ran into Stalin on Stockport market last year, and when I was your age I saw Moses rowing on Heaton Park Lake.’


‘Couldn’t have been,’ Strulovitch said. ‘Moses would just have parted the waters.’


For which smart remark he was sent to his room.


‘Unless it was Noah,’ Strulovitch shouted from the top of the stairs.


‘And for that,’ his father said, ‘you’re not getting anything to eat.’


Later, his mother sneaked a sandwich up to him, as Rebekah would have done for Jacob.


The older Strulovitch understands the Jewish imagination better – why it sets no limits to chronology or topography, why it cannot ever trust the past to the past, and why his mother probably did see Hitler. He is no


Talmudist but he occasionally reads a page in a small, private-press anthology of the best bits. The thing about the Talmud is that it allows a bolshie contrarian like him to argue face-to-face with other bolshie contrarians long dead.


You think what, Rabbah bar Nahmani? Well fuck you!


So is there a hereafter after all? What’s your view, Rabbi?


To StrulovitchRabbah bar Nahmani, shaking off his cerements, gives the finger back.


Long ago is now and somewhere else is here.


How it is that Leah should be buried among the dead of Gatley is a question only a fool would risk Shylock’s displeasure by asking. The specifics of interment – the whens, the wheres – are supremely unimportant to him. She is under the ground, that is enough. Alive, she had been everywhere to him. Dead – he long ago determined – she will be the same. Wheeling with the planet. An eternal presence, never far from him, wherever he treads.


Strulovitch, alert and avid, tensed like a minor instrument into affinity with a greater, watches without being seen to watch. He will stand here all day if he has to. From Shylock’s demeanour – the way he inclines his head, nods, looks away, but never looks at anything, sees sideways like a snake – he is able to deduce that the conversation with Leah is engrossing and devoted, oblivious to external event, and no longer painful – a fond but brisk, even matter-of-fact, two-way affair. Shylock listens as much as he speaks, pondering the things she says, though he must have heard her say them many times before. He has a paperback in one hand, rolled up like a legal document or a gangster’s wad of bank notes, and every now and then he opens it brusquely, as though he intends to rip out a page, and reads to her in a low voice, covering his mouth in the way a person who is too private to make a show of mirth will stifle a laugh. If that is laughter, Strulovitch thinks, it’s laughter that has had a long way to travel – brain laughter. A phrase of Kafka’s (what’s one more unhappy son in this battlefield of them?) returns to him: laughter that has no lungs behind it. Like Kafka’s own, maybe. Mine too? – Strulovitch wonders. Laughter that lies too deep for lungs? As for the jokes, if they are jokes, they are strictly private. Just possibly, unseemly.


He is is at home here as I am not, Strulovitch thinks. At home among the gravestones. At home in a marriage.


Strulovitch is pierced by the difference between Shylock’s situation and his. His own marital record is poor. He and his first wife made a little hell of their life together. Was that because she’d been a Christian? (‘Gai in drerd!’ his father said when he learnt his son was marrying out. ‘Go to hell!’ Not just any hell but the fieriest circle, where marriers-out go. And on the night before the wedding he left an even less ambiguous phone message: ‘You are dead to me.’) His second marriage, to a daughter of Abraham this time, for which reason his father rescinded his curse and called him Lazarus on the phone, was brought to an abrupt, numbing halt – a suspension of all feeling, akin to waiting for news you hope will never come – when his wife suffered a stroke on their daughter’s fourteenth birthday, losing the better part of language and memory, and when he, as a consequence, shut down the husband part of his heart.


Marriage! You lose your father or you lose your wife.


He is no stranger to self-pity. Leah is more alive to Shylock than poor Kay is to me, he thinks, feeling the cold for the first time that day.


He notes, observing Shylock, that there is a muscular tightness in his back and neck. This calls to mind a character in one of his favourite comics of years ago, a boxer, or was he a wrestler, who was always drawn with wavy lines around him, to suggest a force field. How would I be drawn, Strulovitch wonders. What marks could denote what I’m feeling?


‘Imagine that,’ Shylock says to Leah.


‘Imagine what, my love?’




Such a lovely laugh she has.


Shylock is dressed in a long black coat, the hem of which he appears concerned to keep out of the snow, and sits, inclined forward – but not so far as to crease his coat – on a folding stool of the kind Home Counties opera-lovers take to Glyndebourne. Strulovitch cannot decide what statement his hat is making. Were he to have asked, Shylock would have told him it was to keep his head warm. But it’s a fedora – the mark of a man conscious of his appearance. A dandy’s hat, worn with a hint of frolicsome menace belied by the absence of any mark or memory of frolic on his face.
Strulovitch’s clothes are the more abstemious, his art-collector’s coat flowing like a surplice, the collar of his snowy white shirt buttoned to the throat without a tie in the style of contemporary quattrocento. Shylock, with his air of dangerous inaffability, is less ethereal and could be taken for a banker or a lawyer. Just possibly he could be a Godfather.


Strulovitch is glad he came to pay his respects to his mother’s remains and wonders whether the graveside conversation he is witness to is his reward. Is this what you get for being a good son? He should have tried it sooner in that case. Unless something else explains it. Does one simply see what one is fit to see? In which case there’s no point going looking: you have to let it come to you. He entertains a passing fancy that Shakespeare, whose ancestors just might – to be on the safe side – have changed their name from Shapiro, also allowed Shylock to come to him. Walking home from the theatre, seeing ghosts and writing in his tablets, he looks outside himself just long enough to espy Antonio spitting at that abominated thing, a Jew.

‘How now! A Jew! Is that you cousin?’ Shakespeare asks.

This is Juden-frei Elizabethan England. Hence his surprise.

‘Shush,’ says the Jew.

‘Shylock!’ exclaims Shakespeare, heedlessly. ‘My cousin Shylock or I’m a


Shapiro, Shakespeare, Shylock. A family association.

Strulovitch feels sad to be excluded. Only a shame his name doesn’t have a
shush in it.

It is evident to Strulovitch, anyway, that receptivity is the thing, and that those who go looking are on a fool’s errand. He knows of a picturesque Jewish cemetery on the Lido di Venezia – once abandoned but latterly restored in line with the new European spirit of reparation – a cypress-guarded place of melancholy gloom and sudden shafts of cruel light, to which a fevered righter of wrongs of his acquaintance has made countless pilgrimages, certain that since Shylock would not have been seen dead among the ice-cream licking tourists in the Venice ghetto, he must find him here, broken and embittered, gliding between the ruined tombstones, muttering the prayer for his several dead. But no luck. The great German poet Heine – a man every bit as unwilling to use the ‘we’ word as Strulovitch, and the next day every bit as much in love with it – went on an identically sentimental ‘dream-hunt’, again without success.


But the hunting – with so much unresolved and still to be redeemed – never stops. Simon Strulovitch’s trembling Jew-mad Christian wife, Ophelia-Jane, pointed him out, hobbling down the Rialto steps, carrying a fake Louis Vuitton bag stuffed with fake Dunhill watches, as they were dining by the Grand Canal. They were on their honeymoon and Ophelia-Jane wanted to do something Jewishly nice for her new husband. (He hadn’t told her that his father had verbally buried him on the eve of their wedding. He would never tell her that.) ‘Look, Si!’ she’d said, tugging his sleeve. A gesture that annoyed him because of the care he lavished on his clothes. Which might have been why he took an eternity following the direction of her finger and when at last he looked saw nothing.


It was in the hope of a second visitation that she took him there on every remaining night of their honeymoon. ‘Oy gevalto, we’re back on the Rialto,’ he complained finally. She put her face in her hands. She thought him ungrateful and unserious. Five days into their marriage she already hated his folksy yiddishisms. They took from the grandeur she wanted for them both. Venice had been her idea. Reconnect him. She could just as easily have suggested Cordoba. She had married him to get close to the tragic experience of the Hebrews, the tribulations of a noble Ladino race, and all he could do was oy gevalto her back to some malodorous Balto- Slavic stetl peopled by potato-faced bumpkins who shrugged their shoulders.


She thought her heart would stop. ‘Tell me I haven’t gone and married a footler-schmootler,’ she pleaded as they wandered back to their hotel. He could feel her quivering by his side, like a five-masted sailing ship.


‘Tell me you’re not a funny- man.’


They had reached the Campo Santa Maria Formosa, where he paused and drew her to him. He could have told her that the church was founded in 1492, the year the Jews were expelled from Spain. Kiss me to make up it for it, darling, he could have said. Kiss me to show you’re sorry. And she would have done it, imagining him leaving Toledo with his entourage, praying at the Ibn Shushan Synagogue for the last time, erect in bearing, refusing to compromise his faith. Yes, on the fine, persecuted brow of her black-bearded Hidalgo husband she would have planted a lipstick star. ‘Go forth, my lord, be brave, and may the God of Abraham and Moses go with you. I will follow you with the children in due course.’ But he told her no such thing and gave her no such opportunity. Instead, aggressively playing the fool, he breathed herrings, dumplings, borscht, into her anxious little face, the fatalism of villages unvisited by light or learning, the broken-backed superstitions of shmendricks called Moishe and Mendel. ‘Chaim Yankel, ribbon salesman,’ he said, knowing how little such a name would amuse her, ‘complains to the buyer at Harrod’s that he never orders ribbon from him. “All right, all right” says the buyer, “send me sufficient ribbon to stretch from the tip of your nose to the tip of your penis.” A fortnight later a thousand boxes of ribbon turn up at Harrod’s receiving centre. “What the hell do you think you’re playing at?” the buyer screams at Chaim Yankel down the phone. “I said enough ribbon to reach from the tip of your nose to the tip of your penis, and you send me a thousand miles of it.”. “The tip of my penis,” says Chaim Yankel, “is in Poland.”


She stared at him in disbelieving horror. She was shorter than he was, finely constructed, exquisite in her almost boyish delicacy. Her eyes, just a little too big for her face, were shadowy pools of hurt perplexity.


Anyone would think, he thought, looking deep into them, that I have just told her someone close to us has died.


‘You see,’ he said relenting, ‘you’ve nothing to worry about, I’m not a funny man,”


‘Enough,’ she pleaded.


‘Enough Poland?’


‘Shut up about Poland!’


‘My people, Ophelia . . . ‘


‘Your people are from Manchester. Isn’t that bad enough for you?’


‘The joke wouldn’t work if I resituated the punch-line to Manchester.’


‘The joke already doesn’t work. None of your jokes work.’


‘What about the one where the doctor tells Moishe Greenberg to stop masturbating?’


The Campo Santa Maria Formosa must have been witness to many sighs, but few so dolorous as Ophelia-Jane’s. ‘I beg you,’ she said, almost folding herself in half. ‘On my bended knees, I implore you – no more jokes about your thing.’


She shook the word from her as though it were an importunate advance from a foul-smelling stranger.


‘A foolish thing is but a toy,’ was all he could think of saying.


‘Then it’s time you stopped playing with it.’ Strulovitch showed her his hands.


‘Metaphorically, Simon!’ She wanted to cry.


He too.


She traduced him. He, playing? How could she not know by now that he had not an ounce of play in his body?


And his thing. . . why did she call it that?


And on their honeymoon, to make things worse.


It was a site of sorrows, not a thing. The object of countless comic stories for the reason that it wasn’t comic in the least. He quoted Beaumarchais to her. ‘I hasten to laugh at everything for fear I might be obliged to weep at it.’


‘You? Weep! When did you last weep?’


‘I am weeping now. Jews jest, Ophelia-Jane, because they are not amused.’


‘Then I’d have made a good Jew,’ she said, ‘because neither am I.’


When mothers see what’s been done to their baby boys the milk turns sour in their breasts. The young Strulovitch, slaloming through the world’s religions, was told this at a garden party given by a great great-grandnephew of Cardinal Newman in Oxford. His informant was a Baha’i psychiatrist called Eugenia Carloff whose field of specialism was circumcision trauma within the family.


All mothers?’ he asked.


A sufficient number of them of your persuasion, she told him, to explain the way they mollycoddle their sons thereafter. They have a double guilt to expiate. Allowing blood to be spilled and withholding milk.


‘Withholding milk? Are you kidding?’


Strulovitch was sure he’d been breast-fed. Sometimes he feels as though he’s being breast-fed still.


‘All men of your persuasion think they were copiously suckled,’ Eugenia Carloff told him.


‘Are you telling me I wasn’t?’ he said.


She looked him up and down. ‘I can’t say definitively, but my guess is no, actually, you weren’t.’


‘Do I look undernourished?’


‘Hardly.’ Deprived then?’


‘Not deprived, denied.’


‘It was my father who did that.’


‘Ah,’ Eugenia Carloff said, tapping her nose, ‘there is no end to what those executioners we call fathers do. First they maim their boy children then they torment them.’


Sounds right, Strulovitch thought. On the other hand, his father liked amusing him with anecdotes and rude jokes. And sometimes ruffled his hair absent-mindedly when they were out walking. He mentioned that to


Eugenia Carloff who shook her head. ‘They never love you. Not really. They remain excluded from the eternal nativity play of guilt and recompense which they initiated, forever sidelined and angry, trying to make amends in rough affection and funny stories. This is the bitter nexus that binds them.’


‘That binds the father and the son?’


‘That binds men of your persuasion, the penis and the joke.’


I’m not a man of any persuasion, he wanted to tell Eugenia Carloff. I have yet to be persuaded. Instead he asked her out.


She laughed wildly. ‘Do you think I want to get into all that?’ she said. ‘Do you think I’m mad?’


Poor Ophelia-Jane, who must have been mad, did all in her power in the few years they were together to make their marriage work. But in the end he was too much for her. He agreed with her in his heart. He upset and even frightened people. It was the acrid jeering that did it. The death-revel ironies. Did he or didn’t he belong? Was he or wasn’t he funny? His own mortal indecision for which everyone who knew him – Ophelia-Jane more than any of them – had to pay.


‘You could just have loved me, you know,’ she said sadly on the day they agreed to divorce. ‘I was willing to do anything to make you happy. You could just have enjoyed our life together.’


He enfolded her in his arms one final time and told her he was sorry. ‘It’s just who we are,’ he said.




It was the last word she said before she walked out on him.


There was one small consolation. They had been virtually children when they married and they were still virtually children when they parted.


They could be done with each other and still have plenty of life left with which to start again. And they hadn’t had children of their own – the cause of all human discontent.


But the divorce itself was wormwood to them both. And in the end she couldn’t help herself. Though she believed Jews to have been grievously maligned, when the final papers were delivered to be signed she still stigmatized them, through the person of her husband, in the usual way. ‘Happy now you’ve extracted your pound of flesh?’ she rang him to ask.


The accusation hurt him deeply. Thought not yet wealthy, he was the one who had brought money to the marriage. And what he didn’t spend on her went, even in these early years, on causes to which she had given her blessing and which would always bear her name. He believed the settlement was more than generous to her. And he knew that in her heart she thought so too. But there it was – the ancient stain. She hadn’t been able to help herself. So the stain was on her as well.


The phone became a viper in his hand. Not in anger but in horror, he let it fall to the floor.


He wrote to her the next day to say that henceforth they were to speak to each other only through their solicitors.


But even after he remarried he carried a torch for her. Despite the pound of flesh allusion? He wondered about that. Despite it or because of it?


A watched kettle never boils, but Shylock watched by Strulovitch rattles like a seething pot. It’s not noise that distracts him but anxiety, disquiet, neurasthenic perturbation. On this occasion, Strulovitch’s. Conscious of him, Shylock fractionally shifts his position on his Glyndebourne stool and twitches his ears. He could be an Egyptian cat god.


‘What’s to be done with us?’ he asks Leah.



‘Our people. We are beyond help.’


‘Nobody’s beyond help. Show compassion.’


‘I shouldn’t have to feel it as compassion. I should feel it as loyalty.’


‘Then show loyalty.’


‘I endeavour to, but they try my patience.’


‘My love, you have no patience.’


‘Nor do they. Especially for themselves. They have more time for those who hate them.’


‘Hush,’ she says.


The tragedy is that she can’t stroke his neck and make the wavy lines go away.


When Leah was big with child she would call Shylock to her and get him to put his hand on her belly. Feel the kicking. He loved the idea that the little person in there couldn’t wait to join them.
Jessica, my child.


Now it was Leah who made her presence felt. The gentlest of nudges, as though some burrowing creature were at work in the ground beneath him. ‘Well said, old mole,’ he thinks. He knew what she was nudging him about. One of the traits of his character she had always disliked was his social cruelty. He teased people. Riddled them. Kept them waiting. Made them come to him. And he was doing the same with Strulovitch, not letting on he knew he was there, testing his endurance. Hence her prod, reminding him of his obligations.


Only when Shylock turned did Strulovitch see that his cheeks and chin were stubbled – not so much a beard as a gnarling of the flesh. Nothing about his face admitted softness, but the company of his wife had called light into his features and the remains of a querulous amusement lingered in the cruel creases around the eyes he showed to Strulovitch. ‘Ah!’ he said, closing the paperback from which he’d been reading, rolling it up again and putting it with some deliberation in the inside pocket of his coat, ‘Just the man.’